MIROSLAV LAJČÁK, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign and European Affairs of Slovakia, said global security had never been as dynamic and uncertain as it was today. The number of major civil wars had almost tripled, increasing the number of civilian casualties. The current pattern of violence had serious implications for the maintenance of peace and security, as well as for the protection of civilian mandates in the field. Areas where the United Nations had had a presence had increasingly come under attack. As a result of the increase in refugee populations, forced displacement had become not only a short-term humanitarian problem, but a long-term development and State-building issue.
The challenges posed by the current migration crisis and gross human rights violations required joint responses that provided immediate and long-term measures, he said. Comprehensive action and close cooperation among States was essential to bring a sustainable solution to the root causes of migration. On the importance of preventive diplomacy, he said the culture of conflict prevention and resolution that were now taking root in the United Nations’ system must be further developed. Despite 15 years having passed since the adoption of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000) on women, peace and security, the impact of conflicts on women and children were still inordinate and their engagement in peace processes still insufficient. In that regard, the presence of women negotiators in high-profile United Nations peace and mediation processes, as well as the role of women deployed to conflict zones, must grow.