Viet Nam

 H.E. Mr. Pham Binh Minh, Deputy Prime Minister

27 September 2014

Pham Binh Minh

UN Photo / Download

Statement Summary: 

PHAM BINH MINH, Deputy Prime Minister of Viet Nam, said peace and security were prerequisites for sustainable development, and establishing it was an urgent task that required long-term engagement.  Respect for international law was the foundation of peace, security and stability for sustainability.  All nations should renounce the use of force as an option in international relations and settle disputes by peaceful means.  In that context, he looked forward to substantive progress in peace negotiations on the Middle East, recognizing the fundamental national rights of the Palestinian people, and noting his concern over escalating violence in Iraq.  Condemning all acts of terror, he criticized unilateral economic sanctions against developing countries, such as Cuba.

Calling for completion of the Millennium Development Goals by their target date, he said the post-2015 development agenda should add momentum to sustainable development in each country and encourage economic linkages.  More United Nations actions and resources should be brought to bear to address social injustices and inequalities and stronger support was needed for regional and subregional programmes on issues like connectivity, poverty reduction, and the green economy.  The United Nations had to adapt itself to a changing world through accelerated reform, particularly of the Security Council’s membership and working methods. 

He was committed to resolving the East Sea (South China Sea) issue peacefully, abiding by the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea and working for early adoption of the Code of Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea.  He supported strengthening multilateral trade, welcoming efforts to enhance economic links and to reform global trade governance for better equality, democracy, transparency and efficiency.  Work continued to establish an ASEAN community with common rules and norms and cooperation on economic, political-security, and sociocultural matters.  Viet Nam participated in the Human Rights Council and United Nations peacekeeping in South Sudan, and was a candidate for membership of the Economic and Social Council and the Security Council.

Source: GA/11564

  Nguyen Tan Dung, Prime Minister

27 September 2013 (68th Session)

Nguyen Tan Dung

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Statement Summary: 

NGUYEN TAN DUNG, Prime Minister of Viet Nam, expressed grave concern over the violence in the Middle East and North Africa. The use of chemical weapons in Syria should be strongly condemned. It was vital to give peace every possible chance, and to eliminate such weapons, in line with international law and United Nations resolutions. The Korean peninsula was fraught with unpredictable developments, and territorial disputes continued in the East China Sea and the East Sea of Viet Nam. A single incident or ill-conceived act could trigger conflict or, worse, war, he warned.

Trust among nations must be fostered through honesty, sincerity and concrete actions, such as the lifting of the arms embargo against Cuba or the recognition of the Palestinian people’s right to self-determination, he said. The Security Council’s role must be promoted as the fulcrum for building consensus in order to prompt all nations to join hands in preserving peace. He expressed regret that the gap between rich and poor continued to widen, and that more than 1 billion people still lived in extreme poverty. Global warming, rising sea levels, unpredictable weather and natural disasters caused by deforestation, the exhaustive exploitation of natural resources, and pollution had made poorer nations further destitute. “We must rally together to escape poverty, fight disease, protect the environment, respond to natural disasters and build a greener and more just world,” he said.

Urging the global community to craft an ambitious post-2015 development agenda and a road map to enable poorer nations to participate in international agreements and institutions, he that his country had integrated the Millennium Development Goals into its national development strategies. It had balanced economic development with social security, and received an award from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) for outstanding achievements in poverty reduction. In tackling poverty, Viet Nam had focused on improving health care, education and communications, particularly in remote, underdeveloped communities. The country was also working with other Asian nations to bolster the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) community.

Viet Nam stood ready to join United Nations peacekeeping operations, he said. It was also willing to share its resources and experience as a tribute to friends everywhere who had helped in its struggle for independence, unification and poverty reduction. Viet Nam had transformed itself from a country plagued by chronic hunger into a leading rice exporter. It had achieved food security and was helping other nations such as Cuba, Mozambique, Angola, Mali, Madagascar and Myanmar become self-reliant in food production, he said, asking developed countries and international organizations to support similar programmes.

  Pham Quang Vinh,

1 October 2012 (67th Session)

Pham Quang Vinh

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Statement Summary: 

PHAM QUANG VINH, Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam, said the current session’s theme was particularly relevant given the ongoing conflicts in various parts of the world, especially North Africa and the Middle East. Calling on the United Nations to continue its work in conflict resolution, peacekeeping, disarmament and nuclear non-proliferation, he also urged it to help revitalize the Conference on Disarmament. Stressing the importance of regional organizations, he said ASEAN continued to play a central role in promoting peace, stability and security, including maritime security in the South Asian Sea, and reaffirmed his country’s full support for ASEAN’s Six-Point Principles on the South China Sea.

The United Nations must strengthen global partnerships for development and lead an inclusive process to formulate the post-2015 global development agenda, he said, urging developed countries to fulfil their pledges to increase development assistance and support developing countries in capacity-building, given the current challenges of the global economy, the stalled Doha Development Round and persistent protectionism. Noting that 2012 marked his country’s thirty-fifth year as a United Nations Member State, he said it continued to pursue a growth model that linked economic development with social progress and environmental protection. In addressing recent global economic difficulties, Viet Nam had taken effective steps to maintain macroeconomic stability and ensure social security, he said. It had also continued to strengthen the rule of law and build a State “of the people, by the people, and for the people”, promoting their ownership and rights in all spheres.

In pursuit of a proactive international integration, he said, Viet Nam continued to contribute to the work of the United Nations, ASEAN, the Non-Aligned Movement and to the International Organization of la Francophonie (OIF). It also continued to make contributions to multilateral endeavours in addressing issues of nuclear security, weapons of mass destruction, disarmament, security and the Millennium Development Goals. Viet Nam had also implemented, with good results, the United Nations “Delivering as One” initiative. In addition, the country put forth its candidacy for membership of the Human Rights Council for the period 2014-2015, and looked forward to winning the support of Member States in that regard. Finally, he expressed his country’s support for United Nations reform, in particular, efforts to strengthen the Assembly, expand membership of the Security Council and reform the Council’s working methods.

  Pham Binh Minh,

27 September 2011 (66th Session)

Statement Summary: 

PHAM BINH MINH, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Viet Nam, said that while peace, cooperation and development were the overriding features of our time, tensions and conflicts persisted in most continents and regions. The world economy’s unstable recovery, coupled with economic downturns in many developed nations, had exposed developing ones to risks of even further unequal terms of trade, rising protectionism, dwindling financial resources and erosion of gains made towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Additionally, multilateral negotiations on issues such as disarmament and climate change had not yielded results “up to our expectation”, he said.

The key to peace, security and stability lay in each nation’s own efforts, but also in enhanced international cooperation and multilateralism, he said. Over the past years, the United Nations had played an increasingly crucial role in ending conflicts and promoting the peace process in various regions. Viet Nam deeply valued the initiatives putting the needs of the poorest and most vulnerable at the centre of the international agenda and mobilizing resources and capacities. The Organization should continue its concerted and coherent efforts to promote peaceful settlement of civil wars and local conflicts in several regions, especially North Africa and the Middle East, while preventing others from erupting. Viet Nam also supported efforts to end violence and strengthen national reconstruction and reconciliation in Afghanistan and Iraq. He also noted that Viet Nam recognized the State of Palestine in 1988 and had always supported the right of the Palestinian people to establish an independent and sovereign State.

In parallel with security concerns, the United Nations should work for more equal international relations and fairer international economic and financial architecture and institutions, he said. Developing countries must have a greater role and say in international governance. Among other key actions, developed countries should successfully complete the Doha Round, eliminate unfair trade measures and increase development assistance, he said. Viet Nam recommended that the United Nations convene a follow-up meeting to the outcome of the Conference on the World Financial and Economic Crisis, which was held in June 2009, and strongly called for an end to the economic embargo against Cuba. Moreover, he said, to promote inclusive and sustainable development, political commitment and efforts – with the central coordinating role played by the United Nations – must be doubled.

Viet Nam was working with other Member States to revitalize the General Assembly as the principal deliberative, policy-making and representative organ of the United Nations, and to enlarge the Security Council and improve its working methods. The operation of the Human Rights Council and other human rights mechanisms should continue to be improved to become more effective, efficient and consistent. To make more of a contribution to that end, Viet Nam had presented its candidature for membership in the Council for the term starting 2013.

During the last 25 years of comprehensive renewal, Viet Nam had made significant achievements. Now Viet Nam was determined to step up the renewal process in a comprehensive manner with higher quality and effectiveness. It would also continue to implement its independent foreign policy for peace, cooperation and development, meanwhile aiming to be a “reliable friend and partner, as well as responsible member of the international community”. It was working with regional groups in various capacities, including through its strong commitment to dialogue, conflict resolution and peacebuilding mechanisms — including the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea. Pending a solution agreed on by all relevant parties, Viet Nam would continue to strictly observe the Declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the Eastern Sea, and looked forward to the conclusion of a Code of Conduct in the foreseeable future.

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